we are PDS 5th graders who are all about thinking routines, developing inquiry, collaborating, problem-solving global issues, and continuously communicating our ideas as we master grammar skills through the context of our writing.
Inspiration helps to organize ideas using a cluster diagram which is great for the visual learner who can use shapes and colors to arrange and categorize information. The students have used the cluster diagram for organizing their thoughts for their research paper. They began by using the center circle for their thesis and from there, they linked it to their three supporting details. With each support, any specific examples were linked accordingly. Each section of the cluster contained only words and phrases (not complete thoughts) since they would eventually convert it to outline form. Once they arranged all of their ideas, the simple click of a button turned their graphic organizer into an outline with Roman Numerals, letters, and numbers.
Once the outline was checked for needed revisions and edits, it was then transfered to a word document with another simple click of a button. The ideas from the outline were then used to compose sentences for their research paper.
After reading the following information about how to search for reliable internet sources, use this cool technology tool to help you analyze just how reliable your source is.
The Internet is a great resource for research, but you have to remember that it is a public place where anyone can post information. When you want to find a trustworthy source, you need to first take the time to make sure it is reliable. The following are the steps to take to make sure that you have a valid site:
1. Always check to make sure that the source hasan author. You can check the author's background to help validate the information.
2. Check the sites URL (http://...) If the site ends in.edu,it is probably an educational site, and you should still be aware of personal opinions. If the site ends in .govit is probably a reliable government website. You will most likely find factual information here.Sites that end in .orgare usually non-profit organization sites and can be reliableand unreliable, so make sure that you are careful not to take someone's opinion as the truth. You can find information on this site that will give you facts, but you may also run across political opinions that might slant one way or the other.
3. You can also follow research suggestions from http://www.virtualsalt.com which suggests that the CARS (credibility, accuracy, reasonableness, and support) method is great for evaluating sources.
As you research and find information to support your thesis, you will need to give credit to that source within the context of your paper. This can be done with parenthetical citations which is an alternative to using footnotes. Throughout your writing, you will need to reference someone else's ideas to support your own and you will accomplish this through paraphrasing or quotations; you will need to provide the author’s name and the page number of the work in the text of your paper. The following are examples of parenthetical citations found from Mr. McLaughlin's Classes:
Even today, many children are born outside the safety of hospitals (Kasserman 182).
This indicates that you are using information found in a book by somebody named Kasserman (last name) and it was found on page 182.
You may also give the same information in another way, if you want to name the author in your sentence. You might want to do this to add variety to your paper:
According to Laura Kasserman, “many children today do not benefit from the sanitary conditions which are available in modern facilities” (182). Many children are born outside the safety of hospitals.
Be sure to use quotation marks when quoting someone directly.
Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing" can disguise the seriousness of the offense:
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize" means
1. to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
2. to use (another's production) without crediting the source
3. to commit literary theft
4. to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.
In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.
But can words and ideas really be stolen?
According to U.S. law, the answer is yes. The expression of original ideas is considered intellectual property, and is protected by copyright laws, just like original inventions. Almost all forms of expression fall under copyright protection as long as they are recorded in some way (such as a book or a computer file).
All of the following are considered plagiarism:
* turning in someone else's work as your own
* copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
* failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
* giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
* changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
* copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not (see our section on "fair use" rules)
Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing sources. Simply acknowledging that certain material has been borrowed, and providing your audience with the information necessary to find that source, is usually enough to prevent plagiarism. See our section on citation for more information on how to cite sources properly.
Complete the provided word document titled Thesis and KWL. Make sure you place it in the research paper folder on your desktop. At the top of your word document, write your thesis that will serve as the focus of your paper. The following is an example of a topic: "Why FedEx is the top Shipping company in the world"The following is the topic that has been changed to thesis form: Though there are many fantastic shipping companies in the world, Frederick W. Smith’s FedEx company tops all.
Your prior knowledge needs to be recorded so that you can distinguish between what information belongs to you and the new information that you will gather through your research. Using a KWL thinking routine, record everything that you can recall about your thesis. Allow that thesis to be the focus of your research.
K= "What I already know about my topic." You should already know something about your topic to form an opinion about it. Make sure that you are very detailed and thorough in providing this information.
W="What I want to Learn about my topic." This will help guide your research if they are thoughtful, meaningful questions. Use the following questions from the inquiry process below (yellow) to help you brainstorm ideas. There are no right or wrong answers, so answer the questions accordingly. You might have several responses to the first question of, "What do I want to learn about this topic." You will write it in question form; for example, if you wanted to learn about FedEx's logistics that make the company so successful, you could ask, "How many airports, planes, etc. does FedEx have globally?"
L= "What I have learned."This part of the KWL thinking routine will not be completed until after you have finished researching and organizing your thoughts in your research paper which is not due until the middle of May.
The following are the requirements for your research paper:
*Font size 16
*Font style must be something traditional such as Times New Roman, Geneva, Ariel, Helvetica, etc.
*The First page is the title page that should have your approved topic centered in the middle of the page. Double space and center your first and last name. Double space again and center the due date May 13, 2011.
On Friday, April 15th, you should turn in the following:
1. A page of notes that shows you have brainstormed as you have answered the questions below.
2. Three possible topics in order of preference.
Brainstorm topic ideas. If you have trouble thinking up creative topics to write about, here are some questions you might ask yourself:
* What am I interested in? * What do I like to do for fun that might translate into an interesting paper topic? * What do I feel strongly about? * What do I know a lot about? * What would I like to know more about?
* What are some issues or topics that are in the news right now that I find interesting and important? * What are some issues or topics at my school that I find interesting and important? * Can my friends or family members offer me suggestions for topics that I find interesting and important?
Evaluate each appropriate topic for ease and quality. How difficult will this topic be to research and write about? Is the topic too broad? Is the topic too narrow? Remember to get help from the teacher to find out if your topic is manageable. You also might need to do some library and computer research to find out how much information is available about your considered topic.
Pick the topic on your list that you find most interesting and important. Remember, it's much easier to write a paper that you find interesting than one you do not, so take the time to pick out a topic you truly care about. The topic can NOT be something that you already know a great deal about. It defeats the purpose of needing to research to learn more about it.
Get permission from the teacher to make sure that your topic is appropriate and not controversial. Then, let the fun begin as the research process unfolds during English class! Follow my blog posts as I take you through the steps of researching and writing a paper on your approved topic.
The following topics are from the past years that you can get ideas from as well:
Why Lacrosse is a challenging sport Why the Vietnam War was One of the Worst of All Time How Nuclear Missiles Cause Devastation Why Steve Nash is the Best NBA Player How Pirates have evolved Over Time How Aircraft Carriers Can Improve Autistic Savants: Drawbacks and Advantages Why Jamar Chaney is the Best Rookie Linebacker in the NFL The Challenges of Conquering Mt. Everest Why Gil Stovall is One of the Best Swimmers in America The Reasons for Butterfly Migration Why High Fructose Corn Syrup is Unhealthy UFO's: Myth or Reality Why Golf is One of the Most Challenging Sports Why the Octopus is One of the Most Exotic Animals Ever
The Causes and Effects of Sun Exposure Why Mt. Everest is the Hardest Mountain to Climb The Causes and Effects of Arthritis The Cruelty of Using Animals for Entertainment in the Circus Why Black Hawk Down Went so Bad Why Beagles are Unique Dogs The Importance of Recycling What Makes America's Armed Forces the Most Advanced in the World Why the Swine Flu is such a Perilous Disease Why the University of Alabama is the Best College The Negative Effects of Cigarettes Why Alcatraz is World Famous The Reasons Why Pet Snakes Should be Prohibited
The Devastating Effects of World War II Why the Red Birds is the Best AAA Baseball Team How the Zulu Tribe of Africa lives a Unique Life The Effects of Steroids How Shoes Affect Your Running Form The Yeti: Myth or Reality The Causes and Effects of Tornadoes in Tornado Alley Why Al Capone is the Most Notorious Gangster of all time Why 9/11 was the Most Tragic Attack on America How the Traditions of the Masters Were Created The Causes and Effects of Snake Venom Why Hurricanes are the Most Devastating Natural Disasters The Causes and Effects of Dreams UFO's: Myth or Reality
The Benefits of Boy Scouts Why Exotic Cars are the Fastest Cars Ever Made The Likes and Differences of Native American and American Lacrosse Lochness Monster: Myth or Reality Why It's Essential for Kids to Play Sports How the Mayans Created Amazing Architecture Why the Beatles Are the Best Rock Group of all Time The Benefits of Modern Day Warfare
King Louis 16th and the Fall of the French Monarchy Why Hershey is such a Great Company Why Pixar is the Best Animation Studio Why Being on Ski Patrol is so Challenging Why Yellowstone National Park is World Famous Why Modern Day Zoos Are Better Than Zoos of the Past Why the Masters is One of the Best Tournaments in Professional Golf The Effects of Autism The Importance of Going Green With Solar Energy How the Dust Bowl was Caused by the Average Farmer and Not by the Forces of Nature Hurricanes: Causes and Effects
Why Performance Enhancing Drugs Should Not Be Allowed How Antartica is Being Affected By Global Warming Why Street Racing is an Intense Pass Time The Causes and Effects of Global Warming How Pancreatic Cancer Affects Lives Why the Credit Crash Affects America How Brain Tumors Affect People How Space Travel Has Improved Over the Years How Going Green Can Affect the U.S. How F-16's and A-300's are Alike and Different Obesity: An American Epidemic How Navy Seals are Trained for Sea Hijacking How the Stock Market Affects the United States
How Smoking Can Affect the Lives of Ordinary People How the Technology of World War II Affected Its Outcome Why the Velociraptor is the Deadliest Animal of All Living Creatures The Affects of Smallpox: Then and Now How the Armenian Genocide Was the Worst of ALL Time Why the Deep Sea is Rarely Explored by Humans Why Mount Everest is the Hardest Feat for Climbers to Conquer What Happened for the Fight for Fallujah to Unfold Why O.C.D. is Very Challenging Why Slam ball is the Next Up and Coming Sport How Smoking is Ruining American Lives How the Beatles are the Best Rock-N-Roll Band of All Time How Lives are Affected by Dwarfism The Causes and Effects of Diabetes Leo Frank Murder Case: Innocent or Guilty?
The Curse of the Great Bambino Bigfoot: Legend or Reality How the X-43 is the Fastest Jet on Earth How Knowing God Improves One's Quality of Life Why the Cuttlefish is the Most Amazing Animal Known How Aspirin is Beneficial Why the Traditions of the Masters Make it the Best Tournament of All Time Why the Who was one of the Greatest Rock Bands of all Time How Modern Day Pirates are an Immense Threat to Every Docking Point in Samalia UFOs: Fact or Fiction